Inter-Governmental Organization "IGO"

Magna Carta Bar Chambers

Traditional Law Center Upholding the Rule of Law

 

BAR CHAMBERS SEAL (500) WebMagna Carta Bar Chambers (MCBC) is a Law Center, as an international law firm providing legal services, established as a non-profit professional institution of Ignita Veritas University, and an autonomous official agency of the inter-governmental organization (IGO) Ignita Veritas United (IVU), which serves as the host institution providing supporting infrastructure.

 

The Bar Chambers (MCBC) provides licensed legal services, holding its own institutional legal services licenses as an entity, from multiple governments of the collective Member States of the host IGO institution.

 

The Bar Chambers (MCBC) is named after the 13th century “Magna Carta”, in dedication to its ancient doctrines of the Rule of Law, and its establishment of timeless basic human rights, fundamental freedoms, and civil liberties.  The Magna Carta is one of the key milestones of humanity and core pillars of civilization, which transformed essential protections of historical customary international law into the body of modern conventional international law.

 

The medieval British term “Chambers”, from the French ‘chambre’ and earlier Latin ‘camera’ meaning a “room”, refers to the formal law offices of Barristers and the Judiciary [1].  Since the Middle Ages, these traditional Chambers of law practice were primarily conducted within and supported by the Inns of Court, while remaining autonomous [2].

 

In a Chambers as a traditional “law firm”, the Barristers practice law independently, without partnership, while empowered by shared infrastructure and support staff of the Chambers [3].  Historically, Barristers are “the highest class of lawyers”, as the leading experts upholding and advancing the independent Legal Profession in cooperation with the international Judiciary [4].

 

Magna Carta Bar Chambers (MCBC) operates in connection with Templar Inn of Court, under the Inter-Governmental Bar Council (IGBC), empowered by universal jurisdiction of the Sovereign Court of International Justice (SCIJ) as the IGO High Court for international law and human rights.

 

Legal work of the Bar Chambers (MCBC) is primarily conducted by accredited Barristers.  It serves as the “University Law Center” for Ignita Veritas University, supported by qualified Law Professors of the University Law Faculty.  It is further supported by participating Judges from the IGO Justice Courts of the independent Judiciary Profession (who do not preside over any related cases).  Its capabilities are additionally enhanced by politically neutral subcontracting multinational law firms.

 

In its role as an inter-governmental (IGO) University Law Center providing legal support and legal advisory services, strategic and transactional legal work, Magna Carta Bar Chambers (MCBC) is available as an independent contractor to assist national administrations, governmental or inter-governmental organizations, as well as non-profit civil society organizations and other private sector clients.

 

As a non-profit professional institution, the Bar Chambers (MCBC) uses all net proceeds from legal services to support the humanitarian operations of the host IGO Ignita Veritas United (IVU), especially including its Human Rights Court of the independent Judiciary, through the Public Access to Justice Endowment (PAJE) Fund.

 

Primary Practice Areas & Specialties

 

The primary law practice areas of Magna Carta Bar Chambers (MCBC) concentrate on applications of international law, national sovereignty, legal rights, civil and human rights which are fundamental to upholding the Rule of Law.

 

Popular expert legal services of the Bar Chambers (MCBC) include certified Barristers Opinions to support strategic rights or projects, legal support for international commercial and financial transactions, economic security for institutional stability and anti-fraud protection measures, legal security for operational continuity, legal and economic security for protection of critical infrastructure resources.

 

Rare and highly specialized legal services of the Bar Chamber (MCBC) include development of constitutional, governmental and diplomatic infrastructure for sovereign institutions (including historical or indigenous States), modernizing historical claims under customary law as demonstrable rights under conventional international law, handling the unique legal issues of ecclesiastical, nobiliary or royal institutions.

 

Governmental services also include strategic advisory support to navigate geopolitical trends and situations, and special envoy negotiation support for alternative channels of diplomatic relations.

 

Restoring the Rule of Law Upholding Civilization

 

The “Rule of Law” is essentially the policy of basic human fairness, by public declaration of laws which equally apply to both citizens and government authorities, which traces back to ancient Egypt.  Laws have been written, published, copied and distributed at least since the earliest use of papyrus scrolls ca. 3,035 BC [5], and legal decrees published by standing “Steles” (pronounced ‘stel-las‘) of stone tablets in public places, literally “written in stone”, for all to see [6].

 

Even the Pharaohs could be deposed, exiled and erased from history if they violated their sacred obligations to fundamental law and rights [7].  This rule of customary law was later applied to depose European kings [8] [9].

 

The ancient philosophers and scholars such as Aristotle (384-322 BC) wrote the fundamental principle that “law should govern”, and those in power should be “guardians” of law and “servants of the laws” [10].

 

The doctrines of the Rule of Law were first codified by the Magna Carta, the first charter in history to establish guarantees of specific rights and liberties against arbitrary authority.  This became the foundation for Bills of Rights worldwide, the principles of Constitutional law internationally, and the customs of democratic representation by Parliaments worldwide.  The Charter accomplished the medieval enactment of the Rule of Law, as a universal system of public law, capable of enforcement on behalf of individual liberties, thus forming the backbone for all modern civil rights and human rights. [11]

 

The framework of the Common Law system was developed through legal reforms by King Henry II (1133-1189) [12], and these core principles were enacted in 1215 as ‘Magna Carta Libertatum’, meaning the “Great Charter of Liberties”.  The Magna Carta was formally entered into the body of statutory law of England in 1225, as the fundamental principles of jurisprudence of the Common Law, and the cornerstone of national legal systems throughout Europe and most of the world [13].

 

The essential Magna Carta doctrine as the cornerstone of civilization, and the embodying phrase “Rule of Law”, was popularized in 1885 by the British constitutional jurist Professor Albert Venn Dicey (1835-1922), who defined it as: “no one is above the law, and all are subject to the same law administered in the same courts”. [14]

 

That 19th century British term “Rule of Law” was quickly enshrined in American and international law practice by Black’s Law Dictionary in 1891, defined as “The predominance, that is absolute, of an ordinary law over every citizen, regardless of that citizen’s power.” [15]

 

The core concept of “Rule of Law” is that public law – visible and understandable to all – must be the supreme authority, applying equally both to citizens as well as government officials.  This is the basic doctrine of jurisprudence that no person, institution, government nor country should ever be “above the law”, but must be subject to publicly disclosed legal codes that can be fairly applied to all. [16]

 

The most fundamental function of Justice, by an independent Judiciary, must be to apply the public law to the facts of a case, as governed by any private lawful contract, dealing with all facts as supported by available evidence.  Therefore, true Justice requires objective application of Law to facts, and requires respect for factual Truth.

 

Unfortunately, in the modern era, Justice is increasingly politicized, with too many Judges of the State serving as political appointees, tasked with private agendas applied by subjective and superficial conclusions, often disregarding facts and evidence.  In global affairs, long-established doctrines of conventional international law among nations are flouted by subjective misinterpretations based upon superficial excuses, backed by government pressuring and manipulation of mass media to “spin” or hide relevant facts and evidence.

 

As a result, the world community is increasingly losing the “Rule of Law”, and flagrant violations of civil rights, human rights and international law are putting government agencies (and even certain countries) “above the law”.  This dangerous trend presents a direct threat to the “Rule of Law” itself, a threat to international security and peace among nations, and a threat of the collapse of modern civilization as a whole.

 

It is the mandatory obligation of all Courts of international Justice, Arbitration Courts, governmental Courts of Law, Judges, law firms, and individual lawyers, to uphold the Rule of Law.  This is precisely the reason why Judges are universally protected by a measure of immunity (similar to diplomatic immunity), and lawyers are afforded protection of “privilege” to maintain client confidentiality.  This is specifically to empower Judges and lawyers to stand up against corrupt government officials, and fight to ensure that no authorities are allowed to operate “above the law”.

 

Magna Carta Bar Chambers (MCBC), as a University Law Center of the independent Legal Profession, is dedicated to upholding the Rule of Law for its clients specifically, and thereby for the benefit of civilization generally.  Justice for one strengthens Justice for all.

 

For difficult cases challenged by unusual adversity, the Bar Chambers (MCBC) helps to balance the scales of Justice by leveraging the obligations of governmental authorities under the Rule of Law, to achieve enforcement of the rights of clients.  The effectiveness of this strategy is greatly enhanced by expert support and official backing from the Sovereign Court of International Justice (SCIJ) of supra-governmental universal jurisdiction operated by the independent Judiciary Profession.

 

Legal Support for Economic Security

 

One of the most prominent weapons widely used to violate international law, human rights and the Rule of Law, is “economic warfare” and violation of economic human rights. Thus, the sphere of “economic security” is an important part of upholding the Rule of Law, which requires legal defense for the protection of both governments and citizens alike.

 

All investment activity requires economic security measures to prevent fraud, avoid transaction risk, and also mitigate geopolitical risk which can undermine the stability of even legitimate and effective investment vehicles. All investment-related transactions also require “banking compliance” practices which must navigate a combination of legal, political and economic security issues.

 

Even sovereign wealth funds and national economic funds need protection from both political and legal risks of investing in foreign countries. Private and commercial investors need even more expert resources, for both foreign and domestic investments.

 

Applying legal aspects of economic security, in the context of international governmental cooperation and law enforcement facilitation, is the best possible method of providing powerful protection of investments.

 

Magna Carta Bar Chambers (MCBC) gives both public and private sector clients the same level of economic security capabilities which governments use to protect national critical infrastructure assets. This powerful advantage is provided primarily through comprehensive legal support of operations, projects and transactions.

 

Legal support services for economic security are highly customized for individual needs of various client situations. They can include “forensic investigation” of transactions for asset recovery, “legal due diligence” verification for risk mitigation, “legal escort” for regulatory and banking compliance effectiveness, and “legal advisory” expertise to provide optimal structures of financial transactions for effectiveness and reliability of investments.

 

These services are supported by the Royal College of Management and Economics (Business Faculty) of Ignita Veritas University.

 

Legal Support for Diplomatic Affairs

 

Traditionally, “Diplomacy” is defined as “The science which treats of the relations and interests of nations”, based upon “negotiation between nations through their representatives.” [17]  As the primary work of diplomats is advocating for legal positions under international law, the “science” involved is necessarily legal science, and the “negotiation” is essentially legal negotiation, such that it closely resembles the professional work of lawyers.

 

Indeed, university historians have documented the “long tradition” since the 9th century of “hiring teams of independent lawyers to advise monarchs”, who “would call on [lawyer] figures… and sent them as experts and representatives to diplomatic meetings.” [18]

 

As the University Law Center of an inter-governmental organization (IGO) engaged in diplomatic operations, Magna Carta Bar Chambers (MCBC) is well positioned to serve as a governmental independent contractor providing alternative channels of diplomatic relations.

 

This time-tested solution of “back channel diplomacy” is traditionally employed during the increasingly frequent times when nations are pressured by domestic politics to officially “suspend diplomatic ties”, yet seek to rely on unofficial alternatives to advance strategic objectives.  It is also relied on for sensitive matters of cooperation and peacemaking, to avoid interference from political exposure or political pressures.

 

As a licensed law firm, under the 1990 Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers, the Bar Chambers (MCBC) is officially empowered with protected lawyer-client privileges and authorities, which ensure fiduciary responsibility and guarantee confidentiality, for each and every respective sovereign client.

 

The status of a law firm is thus perfectly suited to the essential role of serving as an “alternative diplomatic channel”, providing “special envoys” as needed to support peace among nations.  This is further enhanced by capabilities to issue authoritative Barristers Opinions establishing positions under international law to support diplomatic negotiations.

 

The Bar Chambers (MCBC) also provides specialized legal support and assistance to sovereign and governmental clients, including developing supplementary documentation and certified Barristers Opinions to assert, exercise and enforce “diplomatic status” and “diplomatic immunities” of diplomatic agents and consular officials of sovereign States.

 

These specialties are supported by the Royal Institute of Geopolitics and Diplomacy (Diplomatic Academy) of Ignita Veritas University.  They are further supported by experts from the Government Court Division of the Sovereign Court of International Justice (SCIJ).

 

Legal Support for Historical & Indigenous Institutions

 

Magna Carta Bar Chambers (MCBC) has rare and unique capabilities to develop legal infrastructure and handle legal matters for historical institutions, which necessarily involve rights and authorities of historical customary law under modern conventional international law.

 

This highly specialized practice area includes legal support for ecclesiastical institutions, specifically applying Canon law as customary international law.  Such work is supported by the Royal Institute of Law and Justice (Law Faculty) and Pontifical Academy of History and Culture (History Faculty) of Ignita Veritas University.

 

This also includes expert legal support of indigenous sovereign entities, which is supported by experts from the Indigenous Rights Division of the Sovereign Court of International Justice (SCIJ).

 

Law Firm Authorities & Mandates of International Law

 

Magna Carta Bar Chambers (MCBC) holds institutional law firm authorities which are protected by international law, under the 1990 Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers, including protected client confidentiality (Preamble: ¶9, 11, Articles 16, 21, 22), immunities (Articles 16-17, 20) and investigative powers (Article 21).

 

These powers and authorities are protected to be free from government influence under the 1948 Declaration of Human Rights (Article 20.2), such that the Bar Chambers (MCBC) effectively represents the independent Legal Profession.

 

Services are regulated by the modern Code of Conduct for European Lawyers (2006) of the Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe (Brussels, Belgium), and also by the traditional Codes of Conduct of the Inter-Governmental Bar Council (IGBC) of the independent Judiciary Profession.

 

 


 

[1] Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, New York (1911), Volume 5, “Chambers”, at pp.821-822.

[2] London Encyclopaedia, 1st Edition, Thomas Tegg, London (1829), Volume 12, “Inns of Court”, at p.39.

[3] Janine Griffiths-Baker, Serving Two Masters: Conflicts of Interest in the Modern Law Firm, Hart Publishing, Oxford, UK (2002), “The Modern Fiduciary: Conflicts in Other Professions”, pp.51-52.

[4] Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, New York (1911), Volume 3, “Barrister”, at p.437.

[5] Toby Wilkinson, Dictionary of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson, London (2005), “Law”, p.135;  Ian Shaw & Paul Nicholson (Editors), British Museum Dictionary of Ancient Egypt, The American University in Cairo Press (1996), “Papyrus”, p.219.

[6] Ian Shaw & Paul Nicholson (Editors), British Museum Dictionary of Ancient Egypt, The American University in Cairo Press (1996), “Stele”, p.278.

[7] Donald B. Redford (Editor), The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, Oxford University Press (2001), Volume 1, “Akhenaten”, p.50:  “In effect, Akhenaten’s reign was excised from public record.”

[8] Collier’s New Encyclopedia, Collier & Son, New York (1921), Volume 1, “Abdication”: In customary international law, defined as “relinquishment of… the throne, without a formal resignation” including by denying or disregarding the law which is also the source of one’s authority.

[9] Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, New York (1911), Volume 1, “Abdication”; John Miller, James II, 3rd Edition, Yale University Press (2000), p.209; Tim Harris, Revolution: The Great Crisis of the British Monarchy: 1685-1720, Penguin Books (2006), pp.320-328:  Involuntary abdication by forfeiture due to gross violations of law incompatible with obligations of the throne.

[10] Aristotle, Politics (350 BC), Book 3, Section 16;  Published in: William Ellis, Aristotle’s Politics: A Treatise on Government, George Routledge & Sons, London (1895), p.117:  “For order is law; and it is more proper that law should govern than any one of the citizens; Upon the same principle, if it is advantageous to place the supreme power in some particular persons, they should be appointed to be only guardians and the servants of the laws”.

[11] Lord Judge Master of the Temple, The Greatest Knight, in The Inner Temple Yearbook: 2013-2014, Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, p.14.

[12] Paul Brand, Henry II and the Creation of the English Common Law, in Christopher Harper-Bill & Nicholas Vincent, Henry II: New Interpretations, Woodbridge UK, Boydell Press (2007), p.216.

[13] H.D. Hazeltine, “The Influence of Magna Carta on American Constitutional Development in Malden”, in Henry Elliot, Magna Carta Commemoration Essays (1917), p.194.

[14] Thomas Bingham, The Rule of Law, Penguin Global, hardcover edition (2010), pp.3-4.;  Thomas Bingham was Lord Chief Justice of the United Kingdom, made Baron of Cornhill and a Knight of the Garter;  Citing:  Prof. Albert Venn Dicey, An Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution, Cambridge (1885).

[15] Henry Campbell Black, Black’s Law Dictionary (1891), 2nd Edition, West Publishing, St. Paul, Minnesota (1910), “Rule of Law”.

[16] Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford University Press (2013), “Rule of Law”.

[17] Henry Campbell Black, Black’s Law Dictionary (1891), 2nd Edition, West Publishing, St. Paul, Minnesota (1910), “Diplomacy”.

[18] Prof. Jacob Soll, How Think Tanks Became Engines of Royal Propaganda, Tablet Magazine, Nextbook, New York (31 January 2017); Jacob Soll is a Professor of History at University of Southern California.

 

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